Vol. 1 No. 2
,April 17,1978, Page 2
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|On May 4, 1970 students at Kent State
University were brutally denied their freedom of speech and assembly. Tear gas, bayonets
and deadly bullets prevented students from assembling and speaking out on the issues of
the day. On May 4, 1970, four of our brothers and sisters were murdered and nine others
were wounded by bullets fired by a small unit of the Ohio National Guard.
thirteen families of the victims of the Kent State Massacre did not take
James A Rhodes
May 3, 1970
|this matter lightly. Arthur Krause, whose daughter, Allison, was
murdered, dried out to the world, "Is this dissent a crime?" These families of
those killed and wounded were not deceived by the massive cover-up perpetrated by the
government, the university, the courts and the media. Therefore, a monumental lawsuit was
filed in the courts.
This civil damage suit remains very important. All
investigations exonerated the victims, including Nixon's own presidential commission,
which called the shootings "unnecessary, unwarranted, and inexcusable." Still,
the guardsmen and Governor Rhodes have never been held accountable for their roles in the
events which resulted in murder.
And as the years have gone by, this lawsuit is the only remaining "legal
channel" remaining which can place the blame where it belongs -- on the trigger men,
their commanding officers and Governor Rhodes--all of whom are defendants in this lawsuit.
Because of the persistent efforts of so many against the continued Kent State
injustice, this lawsuit is still alive and will go to trial in Federal Court this fall.
That is the final chance for the opponents of murder and injustice to compel the American
system of "justice" to place the legitimate responsibility for the massacre upon
its own agents.
The path leading to this trial has been long and difficult. The lawsuit had to
go through the local and state courts, and then to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1974.
Finally, a favorable decision in Washington, due to the growing pressure of the people
against injustice, paved the way for the first public trial in
||Federal Court during the summer of
1975.Some guardsmen of conscience took the stand during the civil trial and testified that
their lives were not in danger, that there was no reason to shoot, and that they did not
understand why the others had opened fire on the unarmed crowd. Still others testified
that they had attended meetings of the guard where a conspiracy took place to fabricate
stories of a "sniper" and the need for "self-defense" to justify the
actions or the trigger men.
The controversial sergeant on the front line
of the firing squad consistently denied firing his pistol into the crowd, despite the fact
that live films exposed shells ejecting from his weapon, and the testimony of ballistics
experts revealed that the movement of his arm proved that he was firing his gun.
The majority of the guardsmen who testified blatantly lied under oath, as they
had done in the press for five years, and painted a hideously false picture of the
"rock-throwing mob" they faced, as they desperately attempted to justify their
Unfortunately, a biased judge and jury ignored the mountainous evidence and
supported the wild claims of the governor and his hired guns. A 9-3 verdict against the
families of the victims was returned.
The families of the victims, long accustomed to insults in the courts, appealed
their case. Although the prospects of the appeal seemed bleak, the Federal Appeals Court
ruled favorable for the families and ordered a new trial, which will go to trial in
Federal Court again this fall.
This favorable appeals court ruling came down last September, when the gym
controversy was in full motion. Thousands were protesting and hundreds had been arrested
for resisting the Kent
||State cover-up. The strength of the
powerful movement against the injustice was proven by this favorable appeals court ruling,
which was only granted because of the sincere actions of thousands of people of conscience
from across the nation.
And so the people have won this new trial. If the
families ever win this lawsuit, it will not simply be due to the actions of
lawyers, a judge or a jury -- it will be due to the powerful mass actions of thousands who
have demanded justice for so long at Kent State.
Join us this May 4th and at the courthouse on the opening day of the new Federal
trial this fall, when once again, the truth will demand justice.
This fifteen-week-long trial revealed often shocking new evidence, which proved
that there was an order to fire and a conspiracy to commit murder.
Evidence proved that the reaction of the national guard to the student protest
was a direct result of the inflammatory rhetoric of Governor Rhodes during the day which
preceded the shootings. Rhodes had laid the groundwork for their actions when he referred
to Kent Students as "worse than the brownshirts and the vigilantes... the worst
criminals that we harbor in America." And even further, when he added "It's over
for them in Ohio...we're not going to treat the symptoms, we're going to eradicate the
It is not surprising that when students rightfully refused to leave the commons
at noon on Monday May 4, 1970, General Canterbury of the national guard was quoted as
saying "These students are going to learn what law and order is all about."
Twenty minutes later his men "eradicated the problem" for Governor Rhodes, and
thirteen students lay bleeding, four fatally.
THE TRUTH DEMANDS JUSTICE..NOW!
in south africa
|As Dodge was preparing to leave, Perusek
informed his supporters at the hearing that they should leave too. He then turned to Ray
Flynn and advised him that since his co-counsel was leaving, he too was going to leave.
Perusek in the room, it would be difficult to continue the hearing without the defendant,
so an administrator suspended the hearing. But because their efforts to divide and conquer
did not work, and Perusek refused to be divided from his supporters, Dodge is now being
charged with "disturbing the peace and good (sic) order of the university." For
this, he faces disciplinary dismissal from the university.
It is the hearing board who refused Perusek the right to his own defense and
attempted to divide him from his supporters that created the conditions which make the
continuation of a hearing impossible. The hearing board attempted to make Perusek adopt
their idea of a defense which could only result in the admission of guilt, and it was they
who disrupted the hearing. However, none of the hearing board members are charged.
Perusek's charges and the charges against Dodge are a political attack, The
hearing board is acting as a tool of the administration in silencing views which are
critical of it. The KKK can recruit on campus. Certain religious groups are allowed to
speak freely and distribute their literature, but those who hold critical views of the KSU
administration find out that this right is not guaranteed to them.
The attack against Carter Dodge cannot be tolerated, We will not allow the board
to jam him out of school with their kangaroo court. He committed no crime, but only only
spoke out against the efforts of those who wish to silence the attempts of him and others
to expose the
||Try to imagine living in a country where
the majority of the people are forced to live in reservations making up 19% of the land
because they are black. Imagine having to carry a passbook at all times and being subject
to immediate arrest and jail if you are caught without it, because you are black. Imagine
working in foreign-owned gold mined, digging up thousands of dollars of wealth every day,
and being paid 50c an hour for it. This is a true picture of the South African apartheid
It's horrible to imagine, but it is happening thousands of miles
away. However, the root of the problem is right here in our own country. The U.S.
government and the 300 large U.S. corporations make billions of dollars in profits
by investing in and propping up a regime based on the virtual enslavement of its black
It's not just due to the fact that the rulers of the U.S. are greedy and racist.
Although this is true, there is more to it--The fact of the matter is that they can't
survive without the profits they make by oppressing whole nations of people in all parts
of the work. This is why they fought the war in Vietnam, which students across the country
were protesting and which students on this campus died fighting against on this campus.
The U.S. drive for profits is so strong, that hundreds of African students have been
killed while fighting for their freedom from apartheid and U.S. domination.
President Golding has an interest in South Africa too, and it's not an interest
in the plant life or the the culture there. His is a money interest, As a member Armco
Steel's Board of Directors. golding owns interest in two steel mills and thousands of
Dolores worth of mineral rights in South Africa.
||George Janik has and interest, too.
Besides being Chairman of the KSU Board of Trustees and an IBM executive, Janik works for
a corporation that owns 50% of South Africa's computer industry. Additionally, IBM
computerized the apartheid passbook system mentioned above.
Williams, another KSU Trustee, is Chairman of Akron Coca-Cola--one of the largest
U.S. investors in South Africa.
KSU administrators' interest in South Africa can't last long, because the people
of South Africa, including thousands of students and youth, are in rebellion. Over the
last year or two, they have stood up time and again in Soweto, in the mines, and in the
factories in struggles which will break the chains of apartheid and throw out U.S.
American students stood up against an unjust war in 1970 and helped to make it
impossible for our rulers to continue supporting the oppression of the Indochinese people.
In the same way, we can support the South African people by helping to make it impossible
for these same rulers to continue supporting South African apartheid.
Students at Kent should get behind the petition campaign and other activities
being launched against KSU involvement in South Africa. There is a growing movement
against university investments in South Africa on many campuses. For instance, students at
the University of Wisconsin just forced their administration to drop 22 million dollars in
South African investments last month after a year-long struggle.
Kent State students are remembered around the world for their tradition of
opposing their government's domination of other peoples--specifically the
on page 3)
administration for its continuing whitewash of the events of May, 1970,
for its attacks on students in the form of tuition hikes and cutbacks, and for its total
lack of concern for students in general.
We must stand
with our brother. An attack on on is an attack on all. Those who oppose this attack
against us can and should attend Dodge's hearing on Tuesday, April 18th. A picket will
begin at 4:00 p.m. outside the Conference Suite on the 3rd Floor of the Student
Center. The hearing will begin at 4:15 and everyone is invited to attend and witness the
This is the only way we can stop this attack.HANDS OFF DODGE!
Vol. 1 No. 2
,April 17,1978, Page 2
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